3 edition of Cone and seed yields in young western white pines found in the catalog.
Cone and seed yields in young western white pines
Richard T. Bingham
by Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Ogden, Utah
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 12.
|Statement||R.T. Bingham and G.E. Rehfeldt.|
|Series||Research paper INT -- 79.|
|Contributions||Rehfeldt, G. E., Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden, Utah)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||12 p. :|
|Number of Pages||12|
Eastern white pine is found throughout the eastern portion of North America, where the climate is cool and humid. It grows well in a variety of soils and has a fast growth rate relative to other tree species within its habitat range. It is a long-lived species, able to grow for years or more. The seeds of many pine species can be planted immediately, but some, including the eastern white pine, must be “stratified,” or chilled, to bring the embryo out of dormancy prior to planting (Hartmann & Kester, ). To get eastern white pine seeds, you have two options. The first is to simply buy seeds.
FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS: Mature western white pine, with its moderately thick bark ( inches [3 cm]), moderately flammable foliage, height, and evanescent lower limbs, is rated moderate in fire resistance [5,11,56].However, dense stands, lichen growth, and resinous bark can decrease western white pine's resistance to fire .Young trees with their thin bark are very susceptible to. White pine is native to northeast Iowa, plus isolated native stands in Hardin, and Muscatine counties. Even though it is not native in most of Iowa, it is a common tree in Iowa's landscape because it has been planted extensively for ornamental purposes, Christmas trees, wildlife habitat, windbreaks and timber production.
The Western White Pine is a fast growing Pine tree reaching heights of feet. Grows in the Western mountains of the USA and Canada. Idaho state tree Growth Rate: Fast Soil Type: Moist, well-drained soils - but does well on dry, sandy sites. Zones: 4 to 8 Germination Range: % Stratification Requirement: days cold moist stratificationReviews: 2. Contact the area forestry office drop off location in your area before collecting for the quota of cone or seeds they will purchase plus instructions on proper collecting, handling and labeling requirements. Collecting, storing, and delivering large quantities of high-quality seed, you are helping to grow coniferous forest adapted to Minnesota.
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Cone and seed yields in young western white pines / Related Titles. Series: USDA Forest Service research paper INT ; 79 By. Bingham, Richard T. Rehfelt, G. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden, Utah) Type.
Book. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bingham, Richard T. Cone and seed yields in young western white pines. Ogden, Utah: Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cone and seed yields in young western white pines / Pages; Cone and seed yields in young western white pines / By.
Bingham, Richard T. Rehfelt, G. If you are generating a PDF of a journal article or book chapter, please feel free to enter the title and author information.
The information you enter here will be stored in the Cited by: 3. Cone and seed yields in young western white pines / R.T.
Bingham and G.E. : Richard T. Bingham. Cone and seed yields in young western white pines / By Richard T. Bingham, G. Rehfelt and Utah) Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden Abstract.
Western white pine is a very good seed producer and can be easily managed in seed orchards to give very high seed production per cone and per tree. Discover the world's research 17+ million members. Seed-cone development and morphology determine seed potential and affect filled seed production.
Seed potential was high, commonly over seeds per cone and filled seeds per cone averaged 50–60 at both orchards in from open pollinations combined with operational supplemental mass pollinations (OP-SMP). Figure 2–Needles and cones of western white pine. Descriptionand Growth Mature western white pines are among the most impressive trees in the forest.
Reaching heights of to feet and diameters of 30 to 42 inches at maturity, the trees have slightly taper-ing stems that are often free of branches for 70 to feet. The crowns. Western North American Naturalist Volume 64 Number 2 Article 8 Cone and seed production in Pinus ponderosa: a review Pamela G.
Krannitz Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, British Columbia, Canada Key words: Ponderosa pine, cone production, seed production, restoration activities, stand thinning. Count all sound filled seed on one face of the cut cone. Filled seed have white centers (endosperm).
Aborted seed are darkened or shriveled. Look for insect activity inside the cone and seed (Figure 1). If more than half of the cones sampled have insect damage, subtract one sound cut seed from the count on each damaged cone. Insect damaged. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Snyder, E.B.
Cone and seed yields from controlled breeding of southern pines. [New Orleans, La.]: Southern Forest. PDF ( K) PDF-Plus ( K) Citing articles; Seed-cone differentiation and sexual reproduction in western white pine (Pinus monticola)John N. Owens and, Marje Molder.
The western white pine is an ornamental species of tree that is blessed with an incredible endurance capacity. The beautiful coniferous tree has an open crown.
Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Pinaceae Genus Pinus Subgenus P. subg. Strobus Section P. sect. Quinquefoliae Subsection P. subsect. Strobus Scientific Name Pinus.
How to Extract Pine Tree Seeds. If you have ever eaten the seeds of a pine tree or thought you might like to grow your own pines, you may have wondered whether you could harvest the seeds yourself.
Gather white pine seeds in late summer after the long, curving cones dry out and the scales begin to lift. Place the cones in a paper bag. Set the bag in a warm, dry spot outdoors for one week. of infection on young western white pine reached 15% in the U.S.
National Forests in that region and by the mids, infection had reached over 95% in some areas (Bingham ). To this day, despite its high commercial value, few western white pine seedlings are planted in BC because of the devastating effect of blister rust disease.
(click on each photo to enlarge image) Needles: Occur in bundles of 5; " long; white lines on all 3 surfaces of each 3-sided needle. Fruit: Huge, woody cones, " long (larger than western white pine cones) and scales are thick and straight.
Bark: Reddish-brown and furrowed; broken into long plates on older trees (narrow plates on young trees). Over a year period, survivals of cones from controlled cross-pollinations were less than 40 percent, and seed yields per cone averaged about half those from wind-pollinations. Self-pollinations produced about 15 percent as much seed as cross-pollinations.
Interspecific pollinations were generally less productive than intraspecific pollinations. Distribution: Western White Pine is native to southern British Columbia, western Washington, northern Idaho, western Montana, the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and the Sierras of California. Growth: They are fast growing when young and may grow 1½-2 feet (cm) in a year.
In cultivation, they sometimes reach feet (40m). The largest, growing in Oregon, near Fish Lake east of Medford, is. The pine cone life cycle starts as any plant would with pollen and an egg.
It takes around a year before the egg and sperm connect after the pollen first reaches the female strobilus. Pine cones can protect their seeds for a long time before they release them when the conditions are right.
Our ability to predict cone and seed yields of southern pines (Pinus spp.) prior to collection is important when scheduling and allocating resources. Many managers have enough historical data to predict their orchards' yield; but such data are generally unavailable for some species and for collections outside of .To learn about the many health benefits of pine pollen, check out these videos from Arthur Haines: The Protective Benefits of Pine Pollen (part 1 & part 2).
Arthur also covers Eastern White Pine is his foraging book, Ancestral Plants. If you missed this year's pine pollen crop, you can purchase high quality pine pollen products from SurThrival.Eastern White Pine is monoecious, bearing separate pollen (male) and seed (female) cones on the same tree.
The seed cones are wind-pollinated, with the pollen traveling up to ft. The pollen cones occur in spike-like clusters up to 2" long; these clusters .